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Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence

A Brief Introduction to Artificial Intelligence

August 4, 2020

Everyone knows that Siri, Google Now, and Cortana are all smart digital private assistants on different platforms (iOS, Android, and Home windows Cell). Briefly, they help obtain beneficial information after you ask for it really is utilizing your voice; you’ll be able to say “Where by’s the nearest Indian restaurant?”, “What is on my program currently?”, “Remind me to call Mother or Father at eight o’clock,” plus the assistant will answer by discovering data, relaying facts from the cellphone, or sending commands to other applications.

AI is significant in these apps, since they accumulate information on your requests and use that information to raised identify your speech and provide you effects that happen to be customized in your preferences. Microsoft claims that Cortana “regularly learns about its consumer” and that it’ll sooner or later establish the ability to anticipate users’ requires. Digital particular assistants method a huge number of information from several different sources to find out about people and become more practical in aiding them Arrange and monitor their information and facts.

Your smartphone, calculator, video games, automobile, bank & your home all use artificial intelligence everyday; at times It is apparent what its’ performing, like once you ask Siri to obtain you Instructions to the nearest gas station. Sometimes it’s less obvious, like after you make an abnormal order on your own credit card and don’t obtain a fraud alert from the lender. AI is everywhere, and It is producing an enormous difference within our life daily.

So, we can mention that Synthetic Intelligence (AI) would be the department of Pc sciences that emphasizes the development of intelligence devices, thinking and dealing like humans. For instance, speech recognition, dilemma-resolving, learning and planning. Today, Synthetic Intelligence is really a highly regarded matter that is extensively mentioned inside the technological innovation and organization circles. A lot of professionals and market analysts argue that AI or machine Discovering is the long run – but if we Go searching, we are certain that it is not the future – it is the existing.

Sure, the technologies is in its Original phase and Increasingly more firms are investing resources in machine Discovering, indicating a robust development in AI products and solutions and apps quickly. Artificial intelligence or device intelligence is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, Specially Laptop or computer methods.

What is the use of AI?

Eyesight systems. The necessity to interpret, fully realize and sound right of visual enter on the computer, i.e. AI is used to attempt to interpret and understand a picture – industrial, military services use, satellite Picture interpretation.

What on earth is the objective of AI?

When AI scientists initially began to purpose for that purpose of artificial intelligence, a most important fascination was human reasoning… The specific capabilities that happen to be programmed to a computer might be able to account For a lot of of the necessities that let it to match human intelligence

What exactly is an ASI synthetic intelligence?

A superintelligence is actually a hypothetical agent that possesses intelligence considerably surpassing that from the brightest and most gifted human minds.

Exactly what is the objective of AI?

Colloquially, the expression “synthetic intelligence” is applied each time a equipment mimics “cognitive” capabilities that humans associate with other human minds, for instance “Studying” and “challenge resolving”. Common intelligence is amid the sector’s extensive-term targets.

What exactly are the different sorts of AI?

We’d like to overcome the boundaries that outline the 4 differing types of artificial intelligence, the obstacles that independent machines from us – and us from them.

Artificial Intelligence

Most recent Tendencies That Will Set The Stage For Software program Products Testing

May 31, 2018

As companies are heading toward digitalization, computer software progress marketplace is turning into much more technically state-of-the-art with embracing hottest technologies. It is aiming to provide large-class computer software products and products and services to their customers/customers. Because of to the progress of revolutionary and complex products, computer software solution screening is quickly locating its software and strategical great importance in diverse phases of computer software progress lifestyle cycle.

According to the hottest research carried out by the solution screening corporations in New Jersey, it is revealed that the demand from customers for solution screening is anticipated to increase by 15% this year. Today companies are meant to stay competitive in phrases of efficiency and safety. Also, testers are having difficulties to resolve difficulties imposed by new technologies, for that reason resulted in the huge adoption of automation screening and other technologies which are mainly shaping this IT marketplace.

Below, we are outlining a several hottest developments evolving out for computer software solution screening. It would be interesting to examine that how leveraging these developments can aid enterprises as well as screening industry experts to strategize their solution screening products and services.

Huge Facts &amp Analytics Testing Will Expose Their Opportunity:

Today, Huge information and analytics have manifested their potential to the corporations due to their capability of featuring precious insights on significant business enterprise elements. Nevertheless, majorities of the corporations have by now made investments in Huge Facts, it is more anticipated to develop much more than $210 billion by the year 2020.

For this rationale, corporations would need to have to strategize all-around Huge Facts screening to exam huge chunks of information availed from many sources. To keep the integrity of the information, corporations would demand large analytical procedures, tools, and frameworks, so definitely it is going to just take a huge leap this year.

Agile and Constant Integration Will Stay Important:

Due to the fact agile progress methodology facilitates overall flexibility and transparency throughout many processes, corporations are contemplating to spend in agile screening.

Also, with applying steady integration (CI), developers can mechanically integrate their code into a shared repository. Furthermore, they can simply establish bugs all through the iteration and can rectify it at the primary developmental stage. This way, agile and CI assures customer’s specifications by offering a large-quality solution at a fast velocity.

DevOps Adoption Will Rule The Industry:

The greater part of the corporations have by now invested in DevOps and it is going to increase continually due to the fact DevOps delivers the gains of cross-useful techniques leading to a lot quicker recovery, much more deployments, and minimal failure costs. Thus, possibilities are, that IT industries can soon have an extensive in-residence staff of developers and testers.

Cell &amp Cloud-centered screening Will Come to be Progress:

Today, the industry is flooded with smartphones income majorly due to the arrival of cellular purposes. Researches have revealed that until now people have downloaded all-around 300 billion applications which finally has produced a income of $78billion.

The astounding progress of smartphones and the cellular app acceptance approach will retain cellular screening as a crucial aspect of screening methods. Also, due to the fact industries are focusing on offering seamless consumer experience for cellular equipment, the requirement of cellular screening will frequently increase.

In addition to this, cloud computing will also develop majorly due to delivering expense-economical business enterprise remedies. In truth, by 2020, it is anticipated that cloud will massively influence significant business enterprise selections value about a trillion dollars. Also, industries will migrate lots of new screening procedures this kind of as- like DevOps screening, cellular app screening etc. to the cloud. Maybe, container-centered remedies will get much more great importance than digital devices.

Artificial Intelligence

five Distinct Styles of Printed Circuit Boards

May 31, 2018

A printed circuit board (PCB) is a common element in a lot of diverse digital gadgets, this sort of as computer systems, radars, beepers, etc. They are manufactured from a variety of products with laminate, composite and fiberglass the most typical. Also, the style of circuit board can change with the meant use. Let’s choose a glimpse at five of the diverse types:

Solitary sided – this is the most regular circuit board and is crafted with a one layer or foundation materials. The one layer is coated with a conductive materials like copper. They may well also have a silk screen coat or a protective solder mask on best of the copper layer. A terrific edge of this style of PCB is the very low manufacturing expense and they are often applied in mass-developed merchandise.

Double sided – this is much like the one sided, but has the conductive materials on each sides. There are a lot of holes in the board to make it quick to attach metallic components from the best to bottom aspect. This style of circuit board will increase operational adaptability and is a functional alternative to create the extra dense circuit types. This board is also comparatively very low-expense. Nevertheless, it however is not a functional alternative for the most advanced circuits and is unable to work with technological innovation that minimizes electromagnetic interference. They are usually applied in amplifiers, electric power checking systems, and screening equipment.

Multi-layer – the multi-layer circuit board is crafted with extra levels of conductive products. The large amount of levels which can get to 30 or extra indicates it is feasible to produce a circuit style with pretty large adaptability. The specific levels are divided by special insulating products and substrate board. A terrific reward of this style of board is the compact dimensions, which aids to conserve area and bodyweight in a comparatively little products. Also, they are largely applied when it is important to use a large-speed circuit.

Adaptable – this is a pretty adaptable circuit board. It is not only intended with a flexible layer, but also obtainable in the one, double, or multi-layer boards. They are a terrific alternative when it is important to conserve area and bodyweight when building a certain device. Also, they are appreciated for large ductility and very low mass. Nevertheless, the flexible nature of the board can make them extra tough to use.

Rigid – the rigid circuit board is crafted with a good, non-flexible materials for its levels. They are usually compact in dimensions and in a position to handle the advanced circuit types. Plus, the sign paths are quick to arrange and the means to retain and repair service is quite clear-cut.

Artificial Intelligence

Top rated Suggestions And Guidance About Desktop Desktops

May 31, 2018

Do you desire to get a new laptop? Are you puzzled as to how to store for a single? You usually are not by yourself. A lot of men and women come to feel that way. Retain looking through to come across out what you require to know.

Locate somebody who is getting rid of their desktop. Several men and women today are likely for tablets and laptops, and due to the fact of this you can come across a good desktop laptop at a quite good price. These computer systems are generally in excellent shape, but right before you make an offer, make positive it functions okay.

Complete a boot check if you come across that your laptop is working slower than it really should. Operate the MS Config program, observed on the start out menu. This menu will demonstrate which systems are launched each individual time the laptop boots. If there are systems you hardly ever use, click them so they do not get started when you boot your laptop. This will assistance your laptop speed up.

Search at the include-ons when buying a desktop. Most products include things like optional add-ons. Be particular to only order what you require. Also, make positive the include-ons usually are not obtainable in other places for substantially less. Everything ordered from the laptop maker itself is typically priced significantly bigger.

Measure how substantially place you have in the location you system to identify your desktop laptop. Desktops have massive variations in dimensions. Some will have a small profile, although many others will consider up a lot of vertical place. You have to realize what you can truly suit in the place you have.

If you want your laptop to complete working day in and out at significant amounts, make positive you dust out the inside each individual 7 days. Unscrew the scenario and spray the inside with compressed air in a can. Executing so retains your computer’s insides clear and allows the cooling system maintain the components at good temperatures.

Make positive there is some sort of warranty available when you get your laptop. This will make the fiscal load much easier if it were to split. Ordinarily, you will be capable to return to the keep in which you ordered it and get repairs designed or your laptop changed.

If you’re contemplating about a Mac desktop, but you’ve got got Personal computer systems, look at investing in a duplicate of Parallels for Mac. Parallels for Mac allows you run a digital Home windows on a Mac. Making use of this approach, you can run an Personal computer application that you possess. Remember the Personal computer programs have to be ordered separately.

Several producers no for a longer period include things like all required documentation on paper alternatively, they write-up it on the internet. Make positive that you really don’t stop up in a bind if you are not able to get on the internet.

If you would like to shift massive online video data files, feel about a laptop with an optical DVD push that is writable. CD drives do not have the capability to keep greater media data files. If which is the scenario, it can be a have to to stage it up to a DVD push. It will expense you more, but you may finally be thankful you upgraded.

If you are somebody fascinated in the likely green movement, there is a laptop referred to as a mini Personal computer. They demand minimal electrical energy, but generally offer adequate processing to attain prevalent jobs. If likely on the internet to check e-mail, Fb, establish files, then a device like this really should match your desires.

Don’t obsess about price drops. Several men and women look at specials when they get into the desktop laptop buying sector. They hardly ever observe through when they are usually waiting for that magic offer. Several businesses know what sort of selling prices other businesses are charging, so the fact is that most bargains will seem quite substantially the similar as the subsequent discounted.

There is no require to come to feel intimidated when purchasing a laptop! This short article will demonstrate you the best route to consider when hoping to get a laptop. Print out this piece and provide it with you to the keep. If assistance is however wanted, inquire the personnel at the keep for assistance.

Artificial Intelligence

0Xc0000076 Error in Home windows 10

May 31, 2018

The 0xc0000076 error is brought about by a lack of a “library” on Home windows, generally Visual C++, DirectX or identical.

The error exhibits when you are striving to operate a “large” software these types of as a game or some type of graphics software. It is brought about simply because the software will require an component from the library, which is either not set up or not obtainable on your program.

The error will generally demonstrate as “0xc0000076” or extra commonly “0xc000007b” error, cited soon after the software attempts to load.

The way to address this challenge is to be certain that you have the appropriate library / dependencies expected by the software to operate. It should really solve 90% of the concerns with the error.

Result in

The normal error information for the 0xc0000076 error is as follows:

The software failed to initialize effectively (0xc0000076)

The key to repairing this is to have an understanding of that every software on Home windows calls for a sequence of “libraries” or “dependencies” to enable it operate.

These libraries are saved on the difficult generate as DLL documents, applications these types of as DirectX and “redistributable” packages these types of as Visual C++. Even though Microsoft distributes most of the most well known libraries, there are a number offered by other corporations far too.

The base line of the 0xc0000076 error is that your program is unable to load the dependencies expected to operate the software.

Answer Measures

one. Reinstall Visual C++

Visual C++ is generally the culprit listed here. It is a assortment of plans distributed by Microsoft to enable enhance the features of Home windows.

Regretably, like several items “Microsoft”, they have overcomplicated it – earning VC++ a thoroughly third party down load and splitting up involving unique versions, just about every of which has to be downloaded in get to provide the expected features.

Regretably, it is often the circumstance that even if the accurate VC++ is set up, it results in being weakened or corrupted, preventing applications from examining it the right way.

The to start with step to repairing the 0xc0000076 error, for that reason, is to be certain you’ve got set up the latest versions of the expected VC++ redistributable packages…

    • In Home windows seven, simply click onto “Begin” &gt “Management Panel” &gt “Include / Clear away Systems”
    • In Home windows ten, right-simply click onto “Begin” / “Home windows” button &gt select “Systems and Attributes”
    • From the list that seems, select any versions of “Microsoft Visual C++ Redistributable”, and Note DOWN their 12 months number (this is critical)
    • Immediately after noting down the a long time, you should really then right-simply click just about every of the listings and select “Uninstall”
    • Immediately after uninstalling them, restart your Pc
    • Immediately after restart, you are going to need to browse to Google and glimpse for “Microsoft latest visual C++ packages”
    • For just about every of the “a long time” that you noted down prior to, down load the appropriate down load and install.

A fast observe on this topic – when you down load just about every VC++ offer, you are going to be asked no matter if you want the “x64” or “x86” model. This corresponds to the “architecture” of your program.If you’re not absolutely sure which model of Home windows you have, you need to do the subsequent:

    • Push “Home windows” + “R” keys on your keyboard
    • In the “Operate” dialogue, type “dxdiag” and press “Enter”
    • When DXDiag exhibits, glimpse for the “Running Process” listing
    • Get observe of no matter if it really is 64-bit or 32-bit – 64-bit is x64 and 32-bit is x86
    • From there, you should really install the various VC++ packages and then allow it operate.

2. Update DirectXFuture, you need to update DirectX.

DirectX is a main component of Home windows which will allow your program to operate 3D graphics and so on.

Regretably, because of to several online games and so on putting their individual versions of DirectX documents onto your program, it is often the circumstance that applications will demonstrate a large number of glitches and so on with it.

If this is the circumstance, you are going to want to install the “update” to DirectX which should really replace any of the likely weakened documents it may have…

    • Simply click onto “Google” and glimpse for “DirectX Download” – simply click the to start with website link
    • Simply click on the orange “Download” button
    • Simply click “No thanks and keep on”
    • Help save the file to your difficult generate
    • Open the software and simply click by means of the system (make absolutely sure you do not accept the “Bing Bar” scamware)
    • Allow it install the documents expected to update DirectX
    • Restart your Pc

When your Pc has restarted, you should really move forward to the following step.three. Reinstall.Internet

.Internet is identical to the previously mentioned two dependencies, in that it offers a large number of attributes, documents and configurations expected to get Home windows performing effectively.

Regretably, like the other people, it can grow to be weakened or corrupted. If this is the circumstance, you are going to want to update it to the latest model, which can be performed with the subsequent:

    • In Home windows seven, simply click onto “Begin” &gt select “Management Panel” &gt “Include / Clear away Systems”
    • In Home windows ten, right-simply click onto “Begin” / “Home windows” button &gt select “Systems and Attributes”
    • From the dialogue that exhibits, simply click on “Switch Home windows attributes on or off” – Uncheck “.Internet three.5” and “.Internet 4.six.2” and then simply click “Okay”
    • Allow the uninstall system materialize &amp restart your Pc
    • Immediately after restart, you are going to want to glimpse on Google for “.net website installer”
    • Simply click the orange “Download” button and then move forward to install the offer.

This will replace any of the.Internet framework documents which may be weakened or corrupted on the program. This will basically reset the greater part of dependencies on your program which *could* be weakened.More to this, you are going to also want to be certain any “registry” glitches are cleaned out on your Pc…

4. Clean Out Registry Problems

Registry glitches are brought about when the Home windows “registry” results in being weakened or corrupted.

The registry is a central databases which Home windows makes use of to retail store all the configurations and options your program calls for to operate.

This databases is accountable for anything from your desktop wallpaper to user avatar. Regretably, it can grow to be weakened or corrupted – preventing your Pc from getting in a position to study the configurations it calls for.

To correct this, you are going to be greatest cleaning it out with a “registry cleaner”:

    • Download a trusted registry cleaner tool (I only advise CCleaner in 2018 which is accessible from “Piriform” – just Google “CCleaner Download”)
    • Set up the tool and load it up
    • Allow it scan the registry of your program (other elements like Junk Information do not make a difference so a great deal)
    • Immediately after the scan, cleanse / clear away any of the complications it identified
    • Restart your Pc

This not only ensures you’re in a position to correct any of the possible complications that your computer system may have, but it also ensures that you’re in a position to operate the plans proficiently.5. Clean Out Malware &amp Reinstall Graphics Driver

If the previously mentioned ways do not get the job done, the following is to reinstall your system’s graphics driver (indeed, this is a legitimate induce of the error).

To do this, you are going to want to down load “DDU” (Screen Driver Uninstaller) from Guru3D. This gets rid of **all** of the graphics driver computer software that your program will have set up…

    • Simply click onto the DDU down load website page: (you are going to have to Google “DDU Download”)
    • Help save the file to your program
    • Restart your Pc into “Safe and sound Method”

To do this, there are varying strategies based on which model of Home windows you’re operating:

    • In Home windows seven, simply click on “Begin” &gt “Restart”
    • When your program restarts, press F8 frequently on the keyboard prior to anything starts off to load
    • This will deliver up the “Highly developed Boot Solutions” menu from which you need to select “Safe and sound Method”
    • In Home windows ten, simply click on “Begin” / “Home windows” button (base still left corner)
    • Pick out the “Power” button – Keeping Change, press “Restart”
    • This will deliver up the blue “Restoration Environment” display.
    • From listed here, choose “Troubleshoot” &gt “Highly developed Solutions” &gt “Startup Configurations” &gt “Restart”
    • When the program reboots, it will load the “Highly developed Boot Solutions” display from which you are going to be in a position to choose “Safe and sound Method” From listed here, you are going to enter “Safe and sound Method”.
    • You need to simply click onto the DDU software you downloaded and then allow it operate.
    • You will want to choose “Clean and Restart (Advisable)”.

This will completely clear away the graphics driver, which *should really* address any remaining occurrences of the error. Allow the program restart into “standard” method and then try loading the software again.When in “standard” method, you are going to have to get the graphics driver set up again. In Home windows ten, this will generally be performed mechanically. The stage is that if you have some custom made driver, it may be resulting in some type of conflicts, which will be resolved by thoroughly taking away it with DDU.

If the previously mentioned isn’t going to get the job done, you may have a deeper challenge in just Home windows.

Apart from applying a extra effective error cleaner tool, you may benefit from searching for extra precise assistance. To do this, I would advocate either looking at a maintenance person (who’ll have *specifically* the exact same recommendations as me), or inquiring on the web.


There are many expert services which can do this. These are totally free and basically give you the potential to get assistance individual to your error/challenge devoid of owning to wait for the generic help supplied by most out-of-date “tech help” expert services.


Artificial Intelligence

What Need to Your Workers Know About Pc Security?

May 31, 2018

The selection one threat from the stability of your information procedure is the insider threat. Make positive that your workforce know how to properly purpose with desktops. Failing to do so is a absence of because of diligence on your section.

Among the what workforce need to know as a bare minimum amount is listed underneath:

What variety of information does your organization method?
What are the employees’ basic responsibilities for information stability?
What are the factors of the organization’s password plan?
What are the stability ideal practices that workforce need to comply with?
What qualifies as a clean work region that supports stability?
What variety of threats need to workforce be on guard from?
What are some common assault approaches?
What actions need to workforce consider when an assault takes place?
What are the company’s electronic mail policies?
What are the company’s social media and website surfing policies?

Your workforce need to be knowledgeable of how raw info is processed to make information and how it is utilised by your enterprise to make significant conclusions and a income.

Get it incorrect and the organization loses.

The people today who work for you and 3rd events who appear into contact with your procedure need to be considered as achievable threats. That is why an information stability strategy need to be in place and everybody need to be knowledgeable. Anything at all much less is the equivalent of having your proverbial “trousers down around your ankles”.

Just about every worker is liable for personal computer stability and the assurance of your electronic assets. People today who receive and method organization info need to be knowledgeable of all their responsibilities. All those who work for you will need to be knowledgeable and accountable.

Each and every particular person who operates in your group need to be stability knowledgeable and know what to do in the party of an tried or precise assault. Anything at all much less and your people today will fall short.

All people need to know how to keep a safe and sound workspace, in which delicate papers are taken off from watch. Workers need to know how to lock their keyboards to hold passersby from observing screens and accessing terminals.

All people today in the organization need to know how to make and keep strong passwords or multi-aspect authentication. Passwords need to be sophisticated and periodically improved. An group-extensive electronic stability application need to be managed and periodically evaluated.
Guidelines relating to stability need to conform to enterprise and sector ideal practices. They should be section of each employee’s stability awareness training. For example, the people today who work for you need to know that storage media from exterior of the place of work should be correctly scanned just before introducing it into your information procedure.

Your people today need to be knowledgeable of the common assault approaches that cyber criminals and other people use. A seemingly innocent ask for for information about the telephone could be the beginning of a social engineering assault developed to receive crucial information to break into the company’s procedure.

Email requirements be a section of the organization’s policies for safeguarding delicate information. The moment once again, having policies need to be a section of an organization’s because of diligence hard work to hold cyber criminals at bay and out of your procedure. Your workers should know how to take care of many circumstances that occur. Only clicking on a destructive backlink could compromise your complete procedure.

The use of social media platforms and surfing the World wide web could open up numerous avenues for destructive people into your procedure. You workforce will need to know what is thought of to be an acceptable observe when it will come to using World wide web methods. You organization could be found liable, for example, if an worker wrote one thing disparaging about an ethnic group or your assets could even be utilised for unlawful functions without the need of your expertise.

Sustaining the confidentiality, integrity and availability of your company’s mission essential information necessitates that these who work for your organization need to have the resources to do so. Acquiring a formal information stability strategy is a basic necessity. You are in actual issues and have by now shed the battle from cybercriminals if you never have a strategy. And if you do have a strategy and your workforce are unaware – the exact retains genuine.

You should commence dealing with personal computer stability as a enterprise method.

Artificial Intelligence

Computer Viruses and How to Deal With Them

May 20, 2018

1- What is a computer virus:

A computer virus is a software program which is able to replicate itself and spread from one infected computer to another. The infected objects can be system, program or document files. After infecting your computer, it might slow it down, damage the contents of the infected files, mislay the data or defect your computer systems normal operation.

The virus can also use your computer to propagate illegal adverts and send spam emails that exploit security (adWare), steal your personal information such as bank account number, credit card number etc. (SpyWare). Some types of viruses might use your computer to create a bot net (virtual computer network) to attack other server systems and websites etc.

2- Type of viruses on Windows based computers:

There are a number of computer viruses that can impede the functioning of your computer. Here are some of the different types of viruses:

Trojan Horse: It is an email virus that is created by a file attached to the email. If opened, it may scour your hard drive for any personal and financial information such as your social security, account and PIN numbers. Once it has collected your info, it is sent via the internet to a hacker or thief.

Macro Virus: It is a computer virus that infects the Visual Basic language documents for applications such as Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel etc. This type of virus can cause damage (such as removing data on the hard disk for example).

Worms: It is a program that has the ability to self-replicate itself. It can move from one computer to another and replicate itself in your computer system then spread hundreds of its copies to other computers that might cause wide spread damage.

Rootkit Virus: It is a program that is possible to cover the processes, files and data in the computer Registry (a database which is used to save Windows’s system and program settings). Rootkit is usually used to hide the activities of viruses and processes which harm your computer. It is to help a hacker to control the system.

Bootsector Virus: A virus which attaches itself to the first part of the hard disk that is read by the computer upon bootup. These are normally spread by floppy disks.

Logic Bombs: It is a program that is used to send many data to the same email address and overwhelm the system or block the server connection. It is also used to threaten others (for example mail bomb etc.).

Memory Resident Virus: This type of virus dwells in the RAM. From there it can overcome and interrupt the operations executed by the system. It can corrupt files and programs that are opened, closed, copied, renamed etc.

Multipartite Virus: These viruses spread in multiple ways. It might vary in its action depending upon where it’s installed and the presence of certain files.

3- How do you get a virus and Prevention:

These are 3 common ways that your computer may get infected by viruses:

Email: You get an email from a person that contains one or more viruses. If the attachment is opened, the viruses may infect files in the computer. The viruses might also send emails to people from your email address book or email folders automatically. So, you should not open unknown attachments in emails or do a virus scanning after opening them.

Internet: If you download an exe file or a data file from the Internet or other shared networks, viruses might be transferred to your computer. Sometimes the free software programs on the Internet have viruses especially if downloading from sources such as Torrent or Usenet news groups. Therefore, if necessary, you should download files from trusted resources.

Peripheral devices: The devices such as MP3 player, USB thumb drive, Memory card or CD Rom are also means for spreading viruses. So, remember to do a virus scan for them after they are connected to your computer.

4- Symptoms of virus infection:

These are some of symptoms which may indicate virus activity:

• Your computer has unusual activity (e.g. programs crashing a lot or running slowly).

• Messages or images (unrelated to your current task) come up unexpectedly.

• A program may start up unexpectedly.

• Your firewall informs that a certain application is trying to connect to the Internet (unrelated to what you are working on).

• Your friends say that they get emails from you but you did not send any to them.

• You receive many system error announcements. (Note: This may also come from another activity such as a hardware problem or genuine system error)

• Windows does not run when you start up your computer. (Note: This may also come from a hard disk problem)

• You realise that folders and files are removed or changed.

• You find that there’s an access to your hard disk (one of the small light is blinking) even though there are no programs running.

• Your web browser has abnormal indications, for example it opens an unknown web page or you cannot close the browser tabs.

• Advertising pages pop up, desktop wallpaper changes.

• Exe files occur and have the same names as the folders.

• On the right corner of your computer, there is a small symbol written “Your computer is infected” or “Virus Alert” etc.

• When you open an USB thumb drive, unknown files such as Autorun.inf, New Folder.exe etc. appear.

• Cannot press Control + Alt + Delete (Task Manager) and you are warned that Administrator banned it.

• Folder Options disappears.

• Your computer keeps restarting when you try to shut it down.

• You cannot log in your Windows account with the right logon details.

5- What to do when infected:

• Make sure that your Antivirus software is the latest update. If necessary, download the update from another computer and update it manually.

• Disconnect from the Internet or Local Area Network (LAN).

• If Windows is not running, start it in Safe Mode (when turning on your computer, keep pressing F8 as soon as the computer starts running, then choose ‘Safe Mode’ from the Menu).

• Run a full Anti-Virus scan.

• If your computer is quite infected but you have important files or documents on it, do a full scan with your updated Antivirus software. If it finds viruses, delete all of them then open each ancillary disk (USB, Thumb drive etc.) and look for Autorun.inf files and remove them. Afterward, restart your computer.

• If you have any difficulties with finding a way to remove bad programs, refer to your Internet Security Software Supplier to look for an essential dedicated tool to remove them.

• If you find a bad program, follow the instructions of your Internet Security Software Supplier. Good Security software will provide with options such as disabling infected files, isolating possibly infected files, Worms and Trojans removal.

• If you do not have any important files on your computer disks, format the disk and then re-install your Windows and applications. This is quite an extreme and lengthy process and it’s recommended to back up your computer settings prior to commencing. When finished, do not open on any ancillary disks (USB, Thumb drives etc.) yet, install the Antivirus software, do a full scan, find Autorun.inf files and remove them. Restart your computer after that.

• If the Anti-Virus software does not find anything, your computer is possibly not infected. Check your hardware and software that is installed on your computer meets the hardware specifications of the Operating System. Delete unnecessary or unwanted programs to save resources and ensure you have updated your Windows OS via Windows Update.

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Artificial Intelligence

Why Is My Computer Running Slow? Fix Your Problem Quickly!

April 20, 2018

If you are asking, ‘why is my computer running so slow how to speed up computer’ then you are at the right place. Many computer users have this question in their minds after they have purchased brand new computers only a few months ago. During the first few months of the purchase, it runs at blazing speed but as time passes, it becomes painfully slow.

The fact of the matter is that the computers are not to be blamed for your query: why is my computer running so slow, how to speed up computer. Mostly, it is because of lack of computer maintenance which prevents it from running at its original speed. Moreover, there are various things that come into play for making the computer slow.

Most of the time, it is in fact not the computers to blame but it is because you have not maintained your computer to keep running at its peak performance level. So, why does a computer begin slowing down? It can be lots of various things that play a role here. Therefore, if you have the question, why is my computer running so slow, how to speed up computer, then the answer is in the following lines.

The first thing to do is to ensure that the computer is virus free. Malware, Trojans, Spyware and other dangerous programs are the common culprits for slowing down the computer. For example, illicit activities can be performed by a Spyware without your knowledge such as sending hidden data to particular destination for exploiting the weakness of the system. This may compromise your password, login, credit card details. This will lead to your question: why is my computer running so slow and how to speed up computer.

Therefore, to ensure that the system is clean you need to use an updated antivirus for scanning the computer. It is of great importance to install a good anti-virus on your computer. After scanning the PC if it is still slow then you can follow the next procedure. That is, deleting unnecessary programs and files on the desktop. If you have too many shortcuts displayed on the desktop then it will slow down the computer. This is another answer to your question: why is my computer running so slow and how to speed up computer.

Upgrading the memory of the computer is another way to increase the speed. If your PC is more than a year old then probably it is not able to meet anymore the memory requirements. So, it is recommended that a computer should contain minimum of 1 GB memory for the latest updates of software.

Another reason for your computer to run slow is because of overheated processor. Therefore, you need to make sure that the processor is not overheated. Extreme heat results in substantial reduction of the performance of the computer. Some processors have the capability to automatically decrease the speed as a compensation for heat related issues. This may be one of the reasons for your question: why is my computer running so slow and how to speed up computer.

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Artificial Intelligence

The Heart of Your Computer

March 20, 2018

The Central Processing Unit (CPU), the heart of your computer, is located on a single integrated circuit (IC) chip. The IC chip also contains the memory (the data that you have created or captured and stored) of your computer. Some technicians refer to the memory as the brain, but a brain thinks, reasons, and forms ideas, whereas memory, like a library of books, only gives you back what it has.

Most folks know about the IC chip, the most important (and most expensive) component of their computer. Those who do not know that usually learn it when a chip manufacturer (such as Intel, AMD, Nvidia, or other) reports that they will send a software patch to correct a vulnerability in chips they sold or placed in electronic devices, like your computer. Think of a technology vulnerability like a door left unlocked in your house. Someone unwanted might enter your house. A vulnerability in your IC chip provides an opportunity for someone to get access to your memory data, to steal it, mess it up, or lock it up until you pay them a ransom to get a code to release it.

But, remember that your computer has a heart, the CPU, which processes the patches of vulnerabilities. Find out who sends the patches to your computer and how. Microsoft supports your computer that contains a Microsoft Windows operation system. Apple supports your iPad or other Apple product. You may have a Linux operating system and need to get your patches from Redhat or other Linux supporter. Other types of microprocessors exist as well. Check your purchase data to learn about them. When you find the correct one, contact them and find out when they push the patches electronically to their product users. Probably your operating system support company sends a massive electronic push once per month, a smaller weekly push, and (in an emergency to correct a serious IC chip flaw), as soon as the patch exists.

You may leave your computer on all of the time. If you do, your operating system support company regularly sends the patches to your computer. Check your security history file to see which ones you have (you want to see current dates). Contact the sender if you want to know more about the patch. If you turn your computer off at the end of your day, pick one day each week in which you will leave it on to get the patches. Also, say a prayer for your CPU. As long as it has a heart, you have a computer. #Tag1writer

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Artificial Intelligence

Introduction to Cloud Computing

February 23, 2018

1. Introduction to Cloud Computing

Cloud computing refers to both the applications delivered as services over the Internet and the hardware and systems software in the data centers that provide those services. The data center hardware and software is what we will call a Cloud. Cloud computing is relatively new concept and it has become popular recently. Cloud leverages virtualization technology and in the essence of Cloud computing there is a logical separation between different nodes, each node appears as a different physical machine to the user. Unlike grid computing, it makes several distributed computers connected together to form a big logical computer which can handle large amount of data and computation. In case of Cloud computing the virtualization technology makes it possible to have each node appear as separate physical machine allowing user to load custom software and operating system on each node and configure custom rules for each node.

The idea of Cloud computing is evolved from parallel processing, distributed computing and grid computing. There is a bit similarity between them but they work differently. Although Cloud computing is an emerging field of computer science, the idea has been around for a few years. It’s called Cloud computing because the data and applications exist on a “cloud” of Web servers. To simplify the concept, Cloud computing can be defined as simply the sharing and use of applications and resources of a network environment to get work done without concern about ownership and management of the network’s resources and applications. According to Scale, with Cloud computing, computer resources for getting work done and their data are no longer stored on one’s personal computer, but are hosted elsewhere to be made accessible in any location and at any time.

2. Related Technology Comparison

2.1. Grid computing A form of distributed computing and parallel computing, whereby a ‘super and virtual computer’ is composed of a cluster of networked, loosely coupled computers acting in concert to perform very large tasks

2.2. Utility computing The packaging of computing resources, such as computation and storage, as a metered service similar to a traditional public utility, such as electricity.

2.3. Autonomic computing

Computer systems capable of self management.

3. General mechanism

Cloud computing using information technology as a services over the network. The concept generally encompasses of Infrastructure as a service (IaaS), Platform as a service (PaaS) Hardware as a Service (HaaS) and Software as a service (SaaS). It can be the ability to rent a server or servers and run a geophysical modeling application available anywhere. It can be the ability to (S Rupley, 2009) rent a virtual server, load software on it, turn it on and off at will, or clone it to meet a sudden workload demand. It can be storing and securing large amounts of data that is accessible only by authorized applications and users. It can be supported by a cloud provider that sets up a platform with the ability to scale automatically in response to changing workloads. It can be using a storage cloud to hold application, business, and personal data. And it can be the ability to use a handful of Web services to integrate photos, maps, and GPS information to create a front page in customer Web browsers.

In a cloud computing system, there is a significant workload shift. Local computers no longer have to run applications. The network of computers that make up the cloud handles them instead. In this situation the demand of hardware and software on the user’s side is decreased. Let the cloud take care of it. The only thing that local computers should aware is the interface software that will run the application. Today’s, a Web Browser such as Mozilla Firefox and Internet Explorer 8 is widely use as an interface software in cloud computing system.

The truth is, internet users already used some form of cloud computing. If they have an email account with a Webbased email service like Hotmail, Yahoo! Mail or Gmail, then they had some experience with cloud computing. Instead of running an email program on a local computer, user will log in to a Web email account remotely. The software and storage for the account does not exist in the local computer it is on the service’s computer cloud.

4. Key characteristic of Cloud Computing

Currently, there is no standard definition or specification for Cloud Computing. It may take some time to define the key characteristics of Cloud Computing based on practices in the field.Based on practices in the areas of service provisioning and solution design, the following two key enabling technologies could play a vital role in this revolutionary phase of cloud computing:

4.1. Virtualization technology

Virtualization technology works to handle on how the image of the operating system, middleware, and application procreated and allocated to a physical machine or part of the server stack away. The virtualization technology can also help reuse licenses of operating systems, middleware, or software applications, once a subscriber releases their service from the Cloud Computing platform.

4.2. Service Oriented Architecture (SOA).

A service oriented architecture is essentially a collection of services. These services communicate with each other. The communication can involve either simple data passing or it could involve two or more services coordinating some activity. Some means of connecting services to each other is needed. The evolution of a system or software architecture is now moving towards services oriented, unlike several decades ago most of the application is stand alone and purposely for single use. Recently, the gigantic growth of the internet user and internet technology availability the use of software now can be rented. Giant company such as Google, Microsoft, Sun or even Amazon have this capability provide software services instead of selling the software directly to user. The SOA is software or system architecture that addressing componentization, reusability, extensibility, and flexibility. These entire characteristic is a fundamentals need for company that are looking for reducing cost and opt to rent instead of purchase.

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